Makar Sankranti Festival | Makar Sankranti 2022


Makar Sankranti 2022, Makar Sankranti Festival Date 2022, Importance of Makar Sankranti, Makar Sankranti Puja, Makar Sankranti Story, Why We Celebrate Makar Sankranti, Makar Sankranti Festival, Different Names Of Makar Sankranti, Makar Sankranti Festival In India

More than 2000 festivals are celebrated every year in our country. There is some reason behind all these festivals. This festival is not just about tradition or customs. All the things related to knowledge, science, nature, health and Ayurveda are hidden behind every festival. Makar Sankranti is a festival celebrated by Hindus on 14 or 15 January every year. It is celebrated in the month of Paush when the Sun enters Capricorn. Although Sankranti comes 12 times in a year, but its entry in Capricorn and Cancer has special significance. With which due to the increasing speed, the day becomes shorter with the entry of the Sun in Capricorn, while the entry of the Sun in Cancer makes the night longer and the day shorter.

Why We Celebrate Makar Sankranti

According to different beliefs of different religions, there are many reasons for celebrating Makar Sankranti, but Makar Sankranti is mainly celebrated on the auspicious occasion of the Sun moving from Dakshinayana to Uttarayan. It is said in Indian scriptures that when the Sun is in Dakshinayana, then there is night of the gods. That is, this time is a symbol of negative and on the other hand, when the Sun remains in Uttarayan, it is the day of the gods and this time is considered very auspicious.


India is located in the Northern Hemisphere and before Makar Sankranti the Sun stays in the Southern Hemisphere according to India and at the time of Makar Sankranti it starts coming in the Northern Hemisphere which means that according to Indian civilization, from this day Uttarayan begins.It is also believed that winter starts ending from the day of Makar Sankranti and the days get longer and the nights start getting shorter. In other words, summer is starting to begin.


Makar Sankranti Story

According to Hindu mythology, on this special day Lord Surya goes to his son Lord Shani. At that time Lord Shani is representing Capricorn. Makar Sankranti is given importance to celebrate the healthy relationship between father and son. It is said that when a father visits his son on this special day, his conflicts get resolved and positive happiness and prosperity begin. There is another story of this special day which is related to the life of Bhishma Pitamah. Those who had got this boon that they would get death by their will. When Bhishma Pitamah was lying on the decoration of arrows, he was waiting for the day of Uttarayan and he closed his eyes on this day. In this way he attained salvation on this special day.

Importance of Makar Sankranti

There are many such festivals in which some such work is done due to which there is a lot of damage to the environment, but Makar Sankranti is counted in those festivals which cause very little damage to the environment. From the same scientific point of view, Makar Sankranti has its own importance.

On the day of Makar Sankranti, the winter starts to end and the steam process starts from the Indian rivers, because from this the sun starts reading towards India. According to scientists, the vapor emanating from the rivers removes many diseases. Therefore, bathing in rivers on the day of Makar Sankranti is considered auspicious according to Indian civilization and beneficial for the body according to scientists.

Talking about the same food, khichdi and sesame sweets are eaten on the day of Makar Sankranti, which is very beneficial for the body from a scientific point of view. According to the scriptures, going from Dakshinayana to Uttarayan of the Sun is auspicious. According to the same science, it is beneficial for the human body because there is an increase in the ability to work in Uttarayan i.e. during the summer days.

Makar Sankranti Worship Rituals

Those who observe this special day worship Makar Sankranti in their homes. Some of the worship rituals for this day are as follows-

  • First of all, before starting the worship, take out the Punya Kaal Muhurta and Maha Punya Kaal Muhurta and clean and purify the place of worship. By the way, this worship is done for Lord Surya, so you dedicate the worship to him.
  • After this, four black and four white sesame laddus are kept in a plate, along with some money is also kept in the plate.
  • After this, the next ingredients in the plate are rice flour and turmeric mixture, betel leaves, betel leaves, pure water, flowers and incense sticks.
  • Black sesame and white sesame laddus, some money and sweets are offered to the Lord in a plate for offering to the Lord.
  • After offering this prasad to Lord Sun, his aarti is performed.
  • Women keep their heads covered during the puja.
  • After this the Surya Mantra is recited at least 21 to 108 times.

Makar Sankranti 2022 Date

Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14 or 15 January every year. In the year 2022, Makar Sankranti will be celebrated on 14 January.

  • The auspicious time for Punya Kaal is between 2:43 pm to 5:45 pm, which is a total of 3 hours and 2 minutes.
  • Apart from this, the auspicious time of Maha Punya Kaal is between 2:43 pm to 4:28 pm, which is 40 minutes in total 1 hour.

Benefits of Makar Sankranti Puja

  • It raises the level of consciousness and cosmic intelligence, so by worshiping it you can get the benefits of higher consciousness.
  • Spiritual spirit benefits the body and purifies it.
  • Successful results are obtained in the works done during this period.
  • This is a religious time to spread religion and spirituality in the society.

Way Of Celebrating Makar Sankranti 

In the auspicious time of this festival, the virtue of bathing and donating has special significance. On this day people bathe in a holy river by applying jaggery and sesame seeds. After this Lord Surya is offered water and he is worshiped and prayed to him for his good future. After this, donation of jaggery, sesame, blanket, fruits etc. is also done. On this day kites are flown at many places. Occasion of this festival, dishes made from matchsticks are consumed. On this day, people make khichdi and offer it to Lord Sun God and the donation of khichdi is done specially. Due to which this festival is also known as Khichdi. Apart from this, this day is celebrated in different ways in different cities. On this day the crop is also harvested like the farmers.

Different Names of Makar Sankranti in India

In India, Makar Sankranti is celebrated with great enthusiasm in every state, but it is celebrated with different names and traditions in all different places.

  • Uttar Pradesh- In Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the west, it is called the festival of Khichdi. People celebrate this day by taking a dip in the holy rivers. On this occasion a big one month long Magh Mela starts in Prayag i.e. Allahabad. Apart from Triveni, religious baths are also held in many places like Haridwar and Garhmukteshwar in Uttar Pradesh and Patna in Bihar.
  • West Bengal- Every year in Bengal a very big fair is organized in Gangasagar. Where it is believed that the rata of sixty thousand ancestors of King Bhagirath was sacrificed and took a dip in the river Ganges in the area below. A large number of pilgrims from all over the country come to this fair.
  • Andhra Pradesh- In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh it is believed by Makar Sankramama. Which is celebrated here for 3 days as Pongal. This is a huge opportunity for the people of Andhra Pradesh. Telugus call it Penda Panduga which means big festival!
  • Tamil Nadu- In Tamil Nadu it is known as Pongal festival, which is celebrated to mark the beginning of the harvest day of the farmers.
  • Kashmir- This festival is known as Shishur Sankrant in Kashmir.
  • Assam- This festival is known as Magh Bihu in Assam.
  • Punjab- In Punjab this festival is known as Lohri. Which is very important for all Punjabis. From this day all the farmers start harvesting their crops and worship it.

Other Names of Makar Sankranti in India

  • Haryana- In Haryana this festival is known as Magahi. This festival is also known by the same name in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Orissa- Many tribals in our India start their new year on the day of Sankranti. Everyone dances and eats together. The Bhuya tribesmen of Orissa include their visit to Magh, in which homemade items are put up for sale.
  • Kerala- People in Kerala observe 40 days of rituals on this day as a big festival, which ends at Sabarimala.
  • Gujarat- It is made in Gujarat and Rajasthan under the name Uttarayan. On this day a kite flying competition is held in Gujarat. In which all the people there actively participate. This is a very big festival in Gujarat. During this there is also a national holiday of 2 days.
  • Maharashtra- On the days of Sankranti, dishes made of sesame and jaggery are consumed in Maharashtra. People say “Til Gul Ghya, God God Bola” to each other while giving til ladoos. It is a special day for women in Maharashtra. When married women invite guests with turmeric kumkum and give them some utensils as an offering.
  • Bundelkhand- In Bundelkhand, especially in Madhya Pradesh, the festival of Makar Sankranti is known as Sakrat. This festival is celebrated with great pomp in Madhya Pradesh as well as in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Sikkim.


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