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Lata Mangeshkar Biography | Lata Mangeshkar

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Lata Mangeshkar Biography: Lata Mangeshkar is one of the best-known Indian playback singers. She is said to have sung songs in 36 Indian and foreign languages. Singing professionally from the age of 13, Lata has lent her voice to four generations of Bollywood actresses.

Lata Mangeshkar Biography

Lata Mangeshkar was born on Saturday, 28 September 1929 (age 92 years; as of 2021) in Indore, Indore City, Central India Agency, British India. She was born as ‘Hema’ but was later renamed Lata by her parents, after the female character Latika is one of her father’s play, ‘BhaawBhandhan’. Lata was inclined towards music from a very young age. On her very first day of school, she started teaching songs to the children and when teachers intervened, she got so annoyed that she stopped going to school.

Lata took her first lesson in music from her father, Deenanath Mangeshkar. At the age of 5, she started working as an actress in her father’s musical plays. In 1942, when she was just 13, her father died of heart disease. It was then that Master Vinayak, a close friend of her father, took care of her family and helped Lata start a career as an actress and singer.

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Physical Appearance of Lata Mangeshkar

Height (approx.) : 5’1″

Eye Colour: Black

Hair Colour: Salt & Pepper

Family of Lata Mangeshkar

Lata was born in a Marathi Hindu family. Her father, Pandit Deenanath Mangeshkar, was a classical singer and theatre actor and her mother, Shevanti, a Gujarati woman, was the second wife of her father. She has a younger brother Hridyanath Mangeshkar and 3 younger sisters, Meena Khadikar, Asha Bhosle, and Usha Mangeshkar. The family’s surname was earlier Hardikar which was later changed to Mangeshkar by her father as he wanted to identify his family with his native town of Mangeshi in Goa. She is unmarried but was romantically linked to music director Bhupen Hazarika allegedly.

Lata Mangeshkar Career

Mangeshkar sang her first song, “Naachu Yaa Gade, Khelu Saari Mani Haus Bhaari” for the Marathi film, “Kitni Hasaal” in 1942. However, the song was dropped from the final cut. She played a minor role in Navyug Chitrapat’s Marathi movie Pahli Manglaa-gaur, in which she also made her singing debut with “Natali Chaitraachi Navalaai”, in 1943, she sang her first Hindi song “Mata Ek Sapoot Ki Duniya Badal De Tu” for the Marathi Film Gajaabhau.

She moved to Mumbai in 1945 and started taking classical music lessons from Ustad Amanat Ali Khan. Lata, along with her sister Asha played small roles in Vinayak’s first Hindi movie, Badi Maa (1945). In Badi Maa, she also sang a bhajan, “Maata Tere Charnon Mein.” In her initial days, she faced many rejections as the composers found her voice “too thin,” to which Ghulam Haider replied, “in coming years producers and directors would “fall at Lata’s feet” and “beg her” to sing in their movies.” It was later under the guidance of Ghulam Haider that Mangeshkar received her breakthrough ‘Dil Mera Toda, Mujhe Kahin Ka Na Chhora’ from the movie Majboor (1948). At that moment she declared Haider as his Godfather.

Mangeshkar gained a lot of popularity after singing ‘Ayega Anewala’ presented on-screen by actress Madhubala in the film Mahal. It was the turning point in her life as she started to get work from all the leading music directors of that time. She did playback singing for directors like S D Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Naushad, Shankar-Jaikishan, Madan Mohan, Kalyanji Anand Ji, Khayyam and Pandit Amarnath Hushan Lal Bhagat Ram.

Lata Mangeshkar Hit Songs

During the 1950s, Lata sang for successful film like Mother India, Devdas and Chori Chori and also won her first Filmfare for the best female playback singer for the song ‘Aaja Re Pardesi’ from the film Madhumati. She sang songs of different genres for several music directors from westernised song like ‘Ajeeb Dastan Hai Yeh’, to Rugas like ‘Mohe Bhool Gaye Sanwariya’ and bhajans like ‘Allah Tero Naam’ she did justice to all of them. In the 1960s, Lata was the voice behind the most glamorous actress of the time. On 27th January 1963, Mangeshkar dignitaries like Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, to tears with her rendition of the patriotic song ‘Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo’ during the Sino- Indian War.

Lata collaborated with prominent male playback singer like Kishore Kumar, Hemant Kumar, Mukesh, Mahendra Kapoor, Manna Dey and Mohammad Rafi for various songs. Her duets with Kishore Kumar like ‘Kora Kagaz’,  ‘Tere Bina Zindagi se’ and ‘Aapki Aankhon Mein’ spelt some unforgettable musical magic. Apart from singing, she also composed music for Marathi movies, Ram Ram Pavane, Maratha Tituka Melvana, Mohityanchi Manjula, Sadhi Manase and Tambadi Mati. Lata has also produced three Hindi films namely Jhanjhar (1953), Kanchan (1955), Lekin (1990) and one Marathi film title Vaadal (1953). In 1990s, she gradually reduced the volume of her work owing to health issues and singing only selective songs.

Awards of Lata Mangeshkar

– 1.National Award for Best Female Playback Singer of Paricha (1972).

– 2.National Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Kora Kagaz’ (1974).

– 3.National Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Lekin’ (1990).

– 4.Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Aaja Re Pardesi’ (1959).

– 5.Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil’ (1963).

– 6.Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Tumhi Mere Mandir Tumhi Meri Puja’ (1966).

– 7.Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for ‘Aap Mujhe Achche Lagne Lage’ (1970).

– 8.Padma Bhushan (1969).

– 9.Padma Vibhushan (1999).

– 10.Dada Saheb Phalke Award (1989).

– 11.Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award (1994).

– 12.Filmfare Special Award for Didi Tera Devar Deewana (1995).

– 13.Bharat Ratna (2001).

– 14.One Time Award for Lifetime Achievement to commemorate the 60th anniversary of India’s Independence .

-15 Bengal film Journalists’ Association Awards.

– 16.In September 2019, on her 90th birthday, honoured with the title “Daughter of the Nation” by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for her contribution to Indian Music.

Favorites Things About Lata Mangeshkar

– Lata prefers eating spicy food and drinking Coca-Cola.

– She likes watching Cricket and Sachin Tendulkar is her favorite cricketer.

– Atal Bihari Vajpayee is her favorite politician.

– Kismet (1943) and James Bond Series are her all time favourite movies.

– She loves to work with music directors, Ghulam Haider, Madan Mohan, Laxmikant Pyarelal and A.R. Rahman.

– Amitabh Bachchan , Dilip Kumar, and Dev Anand are her favorite actors.

– Her favorite actresses are Nargis and Meena Kumari.

– Her favorite travel destination is Los Angeles.

Controversies of Lata Mangeshkar

– Lata Mangeshkar refused to work with composer S.D. Burman for 7 years after he allegedly took credit for building her career.

– In the year 1962, a rift developed between Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi over the royalty issue. Lata wanted a share in the music albums while Rafi advocated for the salary only.

 

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